A study find that peoples who vape are “significantly” more likely to have a heart attack, coronary artery disease, and depression compared with those who don’t use them, new research suggests.
“Until now, little was known about the cardiovascular events related to the use of electronic cigarettes, which is a wake-up call and should stimulate further action and awareness of the dangers of electronic cigarettes,” said Mohinder Vindhya, MD, assistant professor at the Wichita School of Medicine at the University of Kansas and lead author of the study.
Invention of Electronic cigarette
Electronic cigarettes have grown in popularity since their introduction in 2007, and sales have almost quadrupled in the last decade, the researchers said. But they are also the subject of lively debate, presented by some as a safer alternative to tobacco, while others are the alarm about the explosion of vaping among adolescents and young adults.
Types of Electronic cigarettes
Electronic cigarettes, sometimes called “e-cigs”, “vapes”, “e-hookahs”, “vape pens” or “nicotine electronic dispensing systems”, are portable devices that work with batteries that mimic the smoking experience. They work by heating the e-liquid, which may contain a combination of nicotine, solvent carriers (glycerol, propylene and/or ethylene glycol) and any number of flavors and other chemicals, at a temperature sufficient to create an aerosol, or “vapor”, that is inspired and exhaled. According to Vindhyal, there are now more than 450 brands of electronic cigarettes and more than 7,200 flavors.
- Those who reported using e-cigarettes were younger than nonusers (33 years of age on average vs. 40.4 years old).
- using electronic cigarettes were younger than non-users (average age 33 versus 40.4 years)
. Nicotinecan speed up the heart rate and increase blood pressure.
This study found that, compared to non-users, users of electronic cigarettes were 60% more likely to suffer a heart attack and 30% more likely to suffer a stroke. Coronary artery disease and circulatory problems, including blood clots, were also much more common in those that evaporated: 10% and 44%, respectively. This group was also twice as likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, and other emotional problems.
Most Heart Attack chance
Most, but not all, of these associations were verified when considering other known cardiovascular risk factors, such as age, sex, body mass index, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and smoking. After adjusting for these variables, users of electronic cigarettes were 35% more likely to have a heart attack, 25% more likely to have coronary heart disease, and 55% more likely to experience depression or anxiety. Stroke, high blood pressure, and circulatory problems were no longer statistically different between the two groups.
“When the risk of heart attack increases by almost 55% among consumers of electronic cigarettes compared to non-smokers, I would not want one of my patients or my family members to evaporate.” We dig deeper, discover that People often use electronic cigarettes every day or every day, but they are still more likely to have a heart attack or coronary heart disease, “Vindhyal said.
Vaping ‘Significantly’ or Electronic cigarette Increases Your Heart Attack Risk,
The study, one of the largest to date looking at the relationship between e-cigarette use and cardiovascular and other health outcomes and among the first to establish an association, included data from a total of 96,467 respondents from the National Health Interview Survey, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-fielded survey of Americans, from 2014, 2016 and 2017. The 2015 survey did not include any e-cigarette-related questions. In their analyses, researchers looked at the rates of high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, coronary artery disease, diabetes and depression/anxiety among those who reported using e-cigarettes (either some days or daily) and nonusers.
Electronic cigarettes Also Linked to Depression, Poor Heart
Researchers also compared the data for reported tobacco smokers and nonsmokers. Traditional tobacco cigarette smokers had strikingly higher odds of having a heart attack, coronary artery disease, and stroke compared with nonsmokers–a 165, 94 and 78 percent increase, respectively. They were also significantly more likely to have high blood pressure, diabetes, circulatory problems, and depression or anxiety.
The researchers also looked at health outcomes by how often someone reported using e-cigarettes, either “daily” or “some days.” When compared to non-e-cigarette users, daily e-cigarette users had higher odds of heart attack, coronary artery disease, and depression/anxiety, whereas some days users were more likely to have a heart attack and suffer from depression/anxiety, with only a trend toward coronary artery disease. Researchers said this could be due to decreased toxic effects of e-cigarette usage, early dissipation of the toxic effects, or the fact that it has not been studied long enough to show permanent damage to portray cardiovascular disease morbidity.
Vaping is not safe
“Cigarette smoking carries a much higher probability of heart attack and stroke than e-cigarettes, but that doesn’t mean that vaping is safe,” Vindhyal said, adding that some e-cigarettes contain nicotine and release very similar toxic compounds to tobacco smoking. Nicotine can quicken the heart rate and raise blood pressure.
There are some limitations. For example, the study design doesn’t allow researchers to establish causation, but Vindhyal said it does show a clear association between any kind of smoking and negative health outcomes. He added that self-reported data is also subject to recall bias. The researchers were also unable to determine whether these outcomes may have occurred prior to using e-cigarettes. Further longitudinal data is needed.
The researchers also compared the data of reported smokers and non-smokers of tobacco. Traditional tobacco smokers had significantly higher odds of heart attack, coronary heart disease, and stroke compared to non-smokers, an increase of 165, 94 and 78%, respectively. They were also much more likely to have high blood pressure, diabetes, circulatory problems, depression or anxiety.
The researchers also looked at the health effects of the frequency with which a person reported using electronic cigarettes, “every day” or “a few days.” Compared to non-users of electronic cigarettes, daily users of electronic cigarettes had an increased risk of heart attack, coronary heart disease, and depression/anxiety, while some days users were more likely to have a heart attack and suffer depression/anxiety, with only a tendency to coronary heart disease. The researchers said that this could be due to a decrease in the toxic effects of the use of the electronic cigarette, to an early dissipation of these toxic effects or to the fact that it has not been studied enough to show permanent damage. To the morbidity of cardiovascular diseases.
Vindhyal said about electronic cigarette
“Smoking leads to a much greater chance of heart attack and stroke than electronic cigarettes, but that does not mean that aspiration is safe,”
There are some limitations. For example, the study design does not allow researchers to establish a causal link, but Vindhyal said he showed a clear link between any type of smoking and the negative health effects. He added that self-reported data are also subject to memory biases. The researchers could not determine whether these results could have occurred before the use of electronic cigarettes. Additional longitudinal data is needed.