MOLIERE is widely considered one of the best French writers and is known as a playwright, actor and poet.
He was very successful during his life thanks to the help of the French aristocrats, especially Philip I, Duke of Orleans, brother of Louis XIV.
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin was born in Paris on January 15, 1622 and died at the age of 51 years in the French capital on February 17, 1673.
After studying to become a lawyer, he gave up everything at the age of 21 and decided to pursue a career on stage. He founded the Théâtre Illustre with the actress Madeleine Bejart, but the company went bankrupt in 1645.
After creating a new company, he was placed under the patronage of Philip I, Duke of Orleans, and began writing plays.
It was at this time that he began to use the pseudonym Molière.
Molière’s preference was for tragedies, but it was his jokes that led him to the greatest success, among them The Jealous Prince, The School of Husbands and The School of Women.
Although Le Misanthrope is widely considered his masterpiece.
Molière suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis and collapsed on stage, suffering from cough and hemorrhage while playing in The Imaginary Invalid, a work he had written.
He finished his performance, but collapsed again before being taken home, where he died a few hours later.
His reputation has lasted until today and is considered the creator of modern French comedy.